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    • Pragmatism and French Voluntarism
      Susan Stebbing
      Pragmatism and French Voluntarism, published in 1914, introduces us methodically into American pragmatism and into the many French anti-intellectualist currents of thought, which culminated in Bergson's philosophy. It is permeated with awareness of the deeply irrational and inconsistent statements which were in the epistemological currents of that time, and this awareness corresponds to a moral discomfort, clearly and strongly expressed, which invites us to further critical thinking.

      Pages 147
      Format: pdf + epub + mobi
      ISBN 9788897527459 Anno 2018
    • Ebook Price € 2


    • Susan Stebbing
      Susan Stebbing (1885-1943) was the first woman to hold a philosophy chair in the United Kingdom. In the '30s she wrote a successful synthesis of ancient and modern logic, and a radical criticism of the philosophical assumptions implicit in the popular works of Arthur Eddington and James Jeans (Philosophy and the Physicists). In the dark years of WWII Stebbing was well known for some books that invited to return to rational thinking with respect to the present political facts.
      Regno Unito
      Birth 1885
      See all publications by this author
    • BACK COVER
      Pragmatism and French Voluntarism, published in January 1914, is the doctoral thesis of Susan Stebbing, who was the first woman to hold a philosophy chair in the United Kingdom. It is an account of the epistemological ideas that were widespread and widely discussed in the early twentieth century: it introduces us methodically into the world of American pragmatism and of the many French currents of thought that we usually group together in a generic way under the title of anti-intellectualism, and which culminated in Bergson's philosophy. Why read it today? First of all because inside this book we find a clear and intelligent account of the philosophical currents it deals with. Despite its age, this book is still a useful guide to orient oneself in the contexts of pragmatism and anti-intellectualism of the early twentieth century. Moreover, although it is a work written by the author in her young age and encyclopedic in nature, the personality of the author strongly acts in this book. Stebbing was throughout her life an intransigent critic, who never accepted compromise, of each kind of fall into irrational thinking of twentieth century culture. So this book is permeated with awareness of the deeply irrational and inconsistent statements which can be found in the epistemological currents in vogue at the time, and this awareness corresponds to a moral discomfort, clearly and strongly expressed, although still rudimentary and not articulated, because the times were not ripe to study the prevailing irrationalism in the culture of that era. Nor are they ripe still today: so the works of Stebbing are destined to be instruments for the historiography of the times to come, in precisely determining the falls in irrationality and the genesis of specific mythologies that we can recognize in the most unexpected places of twentieth century culture, and particularly in the science of nature.
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS
      Foreword from the Editor
      Note to the 2018 electronic edition
      Original Title Page
      PREFACE
      ABBREVIATIONS USED
      I. INTRODUCTION
      II. THE NATURE OF FRENCH VOLUNTARISTIC PHILOSOPHY
      A.1. Spiritualistic Activism.
      A.1.1. Maine de Biran
      A.1.2. Ravaisson
      A.1.3. Boutroux
      A.1.4. Bergson
      A.2. M. Bergson’s Theory of Intuition and the Notion of Truth in the “New Philosophy.”
      A.2.1. Theory of Intuition
      A.2.2. Supra-Intellectual Intuition in Ravaisson and Maine de Biran
      A.2.3. The Notion of Truth
      A.3. The “Philosophie de l’Action”: MM. Blondel and Laberthonnière.
      B.4. The Neo-Criticism of Renouvier.
      B.4.1. Renouvier’s Theory of Certainty
      B.4.2. The Method of postulation
      C.5. The “Philosophie des Idées-Forces.”
      C.5.1. The Intellectualistic Voluntarism of Fouillée
      C.5.2. The Philosophy of Guyau: Action and Thought
      III. CONCLUSION
      III.I.1. The Summing up of French Voluntarism
      III.I.2. Freedom and Contingency: creative activity
      III.I.3. Instinct and Intellect: the two forms of the self
      III.I.4. The two ways of knowing
      III.I.5. The Method of Intuition
      III.I.6. Bergson, Bradley and James
      III.II The Nature of Truth and its Criterion
      III.II.7. Pragmatism and “All Truths Work”
      III.II.8. The Nature of Truth
      III.II.9. The Solution of Problems: Voluntarism and Intellectualism
      BIBLIOGRAPHY
      Index of Names
      Back cover
      Susan Stebbing

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